Ceramic tiles are just thin pieces of clay, commonly using a colour or pattern around the face, covered using a glaze and fired to create a surface that is definitely really hard-wearing, waterproof and stain-resistant. The surface may possibly be smooth or textured.
Tiles are available in squares, generally 4-1/4in (108mm) or 6in (152mm) square, oblongs and also a small selection of interlocking shapes. Some tiles are sold in metric sizes – 100mm, 150mm and 200mm, for example.
Originally, ceramic tiles had unglazed square edges, and special border tiles with a single or two rounded edges had to be utilized to finish off at the edges of tiled places. Now, square-edged tiles are normally glazed on all four sides, or some tiles within a box have 1 or two glazed edges. “Universal’ tiles have angled edges so that there’s no want for spacers – the right size of gap is left for grouting.
Two sorts of plastic spacer are readily available for use with square-edged tiles which have no spacer lugs. Both are cruciform in shape and are tilted in to the junction involving four tiles (or two on a border); one type is removed when the adhesive has set; the other is smaller and left in location. An option would be to use match slicks positioned amongst adjacent tiles.
For finishing off the edges of areas of ceramic tiling, you can get a plastic trim, component of which fits below the edge in the final tile. For internal corners (next to a bath, say), matching quadrant tiles is usually used, and there is a specific trim for sealing the gap involving tiles as well as a kitchen worktop. Versatile silicon sealants may also be made use of for both these jobs.
Special-purpose ceramic tiles are also out there heat-resistant tiles for around fireplaces and next to boilers and frost-resistant tiles for unheated outside WCs, for example
Fixing tiles is reasonably quick, even though it can be time-consuming. They really should be stuck to the wall having a unique ceramic tile adhesive, along with the gaps among the tiles should be filled in with hard-setting waterproof compound called grout.
A tiled surface is often a cold one, and so in humid rooms it could endure from condensation.
Cork tiles are created by slicing up pressed layers on the bark of a cork tree to produce thin panels. Most are 300mm square and about 3mm thick, but oblong panels are also offered.
The surface of cork tiles is warm for the touch, but unless it really is scaled (cork floor tiles, one example is) it marks conveniently and is not very easily cleaned. Tiles might be stuck for the wall with cork tile adhesive or speak to adhesive, which tends to make them comparatively quick to fix but almost impossible to eliminate later.
Metallic tiles are produced from thin metal sheets and have hollow backs. They are able to be fixed to the wall with double-sided self-adhesive pads or with an adhesive. Most metallic tiles can be cut to shape with scissors although tin snips might be necessary for the tougher ones. Metallic tiles also can be bent to shape. The tiles are usually coloured gold, silver or copper and may have a matt or semi-gloss finish. Furthermore, the metallic effect may possibly be overprinted with a pattern or a person design. Sizes are 108mm, 150mm or 300mm square. The durability of metallic tiles varies from brand to brand – some are impacted by steam. Most are damaged by abrasive cleaners.
Mirror tiles are tiny squares of silvered glass, usually 152mm or 230mm square. Most are clear glass, but there is a choice of silver, bronze or smoke-grey finish. They’re commonly applied for decorating the backs of alcoves and equivalent small areas, and are fixed to the wall with modest double-sided self-adhesive pads. Unless the surface to which they’re fixed is completely flat and true, a distorted reflection is created in the surface on the tiles
Brick and stone tiles are man-made simulations of real brick and stone. Some are really wafer-thin pieces of pressed stone aggregate or slivers of brick. Most types are stuck to the wall with unique adhesive. A wide array of colours, shapes and sizes is offered.
Mosaics are tiny pieces of ceramic tile, generally square, though round and interlocking shapes are also obtainable. The pieces are mounted in sheets, held together by a paper facing material that is certainly peeled off when the mosaics have already been stuck for the wall or mounted on a mesh backing. The gaps involving the mosaic pieces can then be tilled with grout, as for ceramic tiles. The surface with the mosaics is hard-wearing and easy to clean, although the grouting may gradually turn into marked.
Mosaics are simple to fix in place, particularly around obstacles, because the sheets is often reduce about to the desired profile and minor irregularities might be taken up with the grouting, or with cut pieces of mosaic. They are, nevertheless, comparatively pricey.